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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16-19

Nutritional potential of Solanum nigrum linn berries grown in home garden

1 Department of Home Science, Mount Carmel College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Mrs. Lakshmi Jithendran
Department of Home Science, Mount Carmel College, Bengaluru, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijfans.ijfans_7_21

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Background: Solanum nigrum Linn is an annual herbaceous medicinal plant which can be cultivated in a natural setting. Normally this plant reaches a height of 35–100 cm. The flowers petals are greenish or whitish with bright yellow anthers. Black or purple color berries grown in bunches are noticed in this type of plants. Leaves, raw and ripe berries are consumed in different regions with a different culinary style. Aim and Objective: The present study was aimed to analyze the nutrient content of the dried berries cultivated in a home garden. Materials and Methods: Matured berries were harvested, shade dried and stored in air tight containers. Proximate principles, mineral, vitamin and phytochemical constituents of the dried berries were analyzed using standard procedures such as AOAC, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and spectrophotometer methods. Results: The study findings revealed that moisture (10.27%), ash (6.68%), fiber (1.4%), carbohydrate (40.4%), protein (3.86%) and fat (2.55%) were present in the sample. Energy content was found to be 186 kcal/100 g. Mineral analysis indicated that Ca (32 mg), Fe (0.56 mg), Al (0.42 mg), Cu (0.25 mg) and zinc were below detection limit per 100 g. Thiamine hydrochloride (0.37 mg), Riboflavin (0.24 mg), niacinamide (0.37 mg), pyridoxine (0.26 mg), folic acid bile-duct ligated, Vitamin C (5.42 mg) and beta carotene (7.52 mg) were present per 100 g of the dried berries. Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of bioactive compounds such as alkaloids (3.3%), tannins (1.3%), saponins (2.9%). Conclusion: The findings focus on the nutritional attributes of the herb which can be utilized in our household.

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