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RESEARCH PAPER
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 105-110

Changes in the consumption of traditional food among the khasi and jaiñtia people in rural Meghalaya, India


1 Associate Professor, Department of Social Work, Martin Luther Christian University, Nongrah, Block 1, Dongktieh, Shillong 793006, Meghalaya, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Allied Health Sciences, Martin Luther Christian University, Nongrah, Block 1, Dongktieh, Shillong 793006, Meghalaya, India

Correspondence Address:
Melari Shisha Nongrum
Associate Professor, Department of Social Work, Martin Luther Christian University, Nongrah, Block 1, Dongktieh, Shillong 793006, Meghalaya
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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There is a diversity of traditional food among communities. Across the indigenous communities, it is seen that the consumption of traditional food is changing. In such a context, statistics reveal the health of children and women in these communities to be poor. Thus the study aims to analyze the consumption of traditional food among the indigenous Khasi and Jaiñtia communities in Meghalaya, India, the associative factors causing the change and the association to the health of children and women. This study was conducted in 20 villages of Khasi and Jaiñtia Hills. To achieve the objectives, a food frequency questionnaire and focus group discussion was conducted. It was found that rice has become the staple food of the people. There is large scale consumption of polished white rice especially when locally grown rice is not adequate. There is an association between the decline in the consumption of traditional food including local rice, wild edibles and snacks and the increasing consumption of modern food and ready to eat snacks which can be attributed to the globalization processes at play. The need is therefore to highlight the importance of consuming traditional food among the indigenous people and its implications to health.


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