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RESEARCH PAPER
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20-24

Age at menarche: diet and physical activity


Vice Principal & HOD of Food Science & Nutrition Department, Smt. P.N.Doshi Women's College, Cama Lane, Ghatkopar (W), Mumbai 86, India

Correspondence Address:
Leena Raje
Vice Principal & HOD of Food Science & Nutrition Department, Smt. P.N.Doshi Women's College, Cama Lane, Ghatkopar (W), Mumbai 86
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Two thousand and seventeen girls of aged 10-14 years from schools of city of Mumbai and Pune were selected to examine association between dietary pattern and physical activity with age at menarche (AAM). These parameters were assessed through General Questionnaire and 24 hour dietary record. Physical activity index was developed as a cumulative factor of intensity*duration*frequency and tested in two experimental groups-girls who had Attained Menarche (AM) recently at the time of data collection and perimenarcheal girls (PM). The results showed that mean intakes of all nutrients were notably higher in the PM group compared to AM group. Statistically significant correlation of energy (p-value < 0.01) and fat intake (p-value < 0.05) with age of onset of menarche was found, suggesting role of energy dense and fat rich foods in impacting menarcheal age through modulation of body composition. Observations on physical activity revealed the mean physical activity index of PM group was much higher than AM group. There was statistically significant difference in the means of physical activity index with p-value 0.000 which is significant at 0.01 level.


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