Hans Patrick Bidias Menik Université de Dschang Cameroun
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
According to FAO (2009), the world should increase agricultural production by 70% in order to feed 9 billion people in the world by 2050. The FAO estimates that growth of grain at a rate of 0.7% per year would be sufficient to meet demand in 2050. Although this rate has been achieved for the past five years for rice, it could be not enough to ensure food security. Since 2009, the world rice production growth rate is 0.95% per annum. That of consumption is 01.61% per annum. A comparison of the trends of rice production and consumption speeds series was done. The average acceleration of the production for the period 2008/2009-2013/2014 is decreasing and lowers than the one of consumption compared to the period 2003/2004-2008/2009. The parallelism tests reveal that the trend lines of production and consumption speeds are intersecting and converge over the period 2008/2009-2013/2014 at a level of 10%. Such results reveal that there will be not enough rice to satisfy the aggregate demand in some future and confirm the “new productivism” ideology that, we should increase the production of food in the world by 70-100% in order to feed the world in 2050.