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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 206-209

Assessment of hypoglycemic effects of apple cider vinegar in type 2 diabetes

1 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Periyar University, Salem, India
2 Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India
3 National Institute of Medical Statistics (ICMR), New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
P Nazni
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Periyar University, Salem
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Type 2 diabetes is the most common metabolic disorder worldwide and its prevalence is growing at an alarming rate in both developed and developing countries. It is characterized by abnormalities in carbohydrate, lipid and lipoprotein metabolism, which lead to hyperglycemia and many complications such as hyperlipidemia, hyperinsulinemia, hypertension and atherosclerosis. In order to prevent diabetes, in addition to oral hypoglycaemic drugs, the dietary component such as Apple cider vinegar seems to be promising for glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes as well as for diabetes related medical conditions. Apple cider vinegar is fermented juice from crushed apples. Acetic acid in vinegar seems to suppress disaccharidase activity and increase glucose-6-phosphate levels in skeletal muscle. Thus an attempt is made in the present study to find out the impact of apple cider vinegar in patients with type 2diabetes. Apple cider vinegar was purchased from local market and 15ml was given before meals – twice a day for 3 months. The study was conducted for three month with 40 individuals with type 2 diabetes and divided randomly in to two equal groups are as vinegar group (n=20) and control group (n=20). Information pertaining to the socio economic status, anthropometry assessment, biochemical assessment, dietary pattern, health status and personal habits were collected from the selected subjects. There was a significant decrease in BMI, WHR, fasting blood sugar, post prandial blood sugar levels and HbA1c in vinegar group after supplementation of apple cider vinegar (p value <0.05). No such differences were found among the control group during study period. On conclusion, the above results revealed that apple cider vinegar has got an exclusive antidiabetic property and help in preventing diabetic complications. Vinegar is inexpensive, readily available, and a flavor enhancer. Apple cider vinegar was most effective to decrease glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL and increases HDL because of its higher concentration of organic acids and phenolic compounds.

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