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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 173-176

Effect of dietary polyphenols on hemoglobin level of adolescent girls of Haryana (India)

1 Department of Home Science (Foods & Nutrition), Govt. College, Adampur (Hisar), India
2 Department of Foods & Nutrition, B.P.S.I.H.L., B.P.S.Mahila University, Khanpur Kalan (Sonepat), India

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Department of Home Science (Foods & Nutrition), Govt. College, Adampur (Hisar)
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Free radicals or reactive oxygen species (ROS) are formed in the body as result of oxidation. Oxidation by products of normal metabolism cause damage to body resulted into degenerative diseases. Antioxidant defense mechanism diminishes action of free radicals. Source of natural antioxidants are mainly plant phenolic compounds. The present study was carried out to develop products and their organoleptic evaluation. The impact of polyphenol rich supplements on hemoglobin level of adolescent girls was also studied. Polyphenol and nutrient rich products were developed. Developed products were evaluated on 9-point hedonic scale. All developed products were found acceptable. The total polyphenol content (TPC) in the developed supplements ranged between 0.58 to 4.14 g/100 g tannic acid equivalent on dry weight basis. Adolescent girls (18 to 19 years) having low hemoglobin 9.0-9.5g/dl were selected for study. Polyphenol as well as nutrient rich products were fed to adolescent girls for 6 weeks. Supplementation showed slight increase in the level of hemoglobin level of adolescent girls. Anemia was more prevalent among adolescent girls. It signifies that plant derived phenolic compounds have beneficial health effects. Fruits, vegetables, beverages especially tea and coffee are good sources of phenolic compounds.

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