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RESEARCH PAPER
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 133-138

Determinants of overweight and obesity among urban and rural college girls


1 Department of Food and Nutrition, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
2 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India

Correspondence Address:
Kiran Bains
Department of Food and Nutrition, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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The study was conducted to assess the determinants of obesity among urban and rural college girls. Thirty normal (BMI: 20-22.9 kgm2) and 30 obese (BMI≥23 kgm2) girls each from the urban and rural college were selected randomly to study the determinants of obesity among urban and rural groups. The average daily intake of energy by urban and rural normal girls was 77 and 76% of the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA). The corresponding values for urban and rural obese girls were 142 and 145% of the recommended level. The higher dietary intake of energy, protein, carbohydrates and fat were the most significant determinants of obesity among both urban and rural girls. Parental higher education was positively (p ≤ 0.01) related with obesity among both urban and rural girls. A higher birth weight and family history of obese mothers (p ≤ 0.1) and obese siblings (p ≤ 0.01) were also found to be positively related with obesity among both urban and rural girls. Though both normal and obese subjects had sedentary lifestyle, a significantly (p ≤ 0.1) lower Physical Activity Level (PAL) was observed among obese subjects.


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