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RESEARCH PAPER
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1-6

Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus in women with polycystic ovary syndrome


1 Researcher, Department of Home Science, Govt. M.L.B. Girls P.G. College, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Home Science, Govt. Girls Degree College, Barwani, Madhya Pradesh, India
3 Retd. Professor, Department of Home Science, Govt. M.L.B. Girls College, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Mohini Paliwal
Researcher, Department of Home Science, Govt. M.L.B. Girls P.G. College, Indore, Madhya Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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To find out association between polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and subsequent Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), A case-control study was conducted at fertility center in Indore city. The study population included 75 women diagnosed with PCOS and 75 women without PCOS followed from early pregnancy. The average Body Mass Index (BMI) in PCOS patients was greater than that in controls (p = 0.0001), and PCOS patients were more often than controls (p = 0.0001). Women previously diagnosed with PCOS had a higher risk of GDM (p = 0.0025). This study suggested that PCOS is an independent risk factor for the development of gestational diabetes mellitus. When women at risk become pregnant, they require closer surveillance for maternal and fetal well-being and should follow a strict diet and adhere to weight gain control to avoid obstetric complications due to GDM.


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