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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 82-89

Kefiran - A therapeutic biofilm: A review


Department of Dairy Microbiology, Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University, Bengaluru 24, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Vyshnavi Manthani
Department of Dairy Microbiology, Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University, Bengaluru 24, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Kefir, a unique alcoholic fermented milk beverage made using kefir grains is originated in Caucasus Mountains. Kefir grains consist of heterogeneous microflora embedded in a polysaccharide matrix called kefiran which is considered as Biofilm which has many food applications due to its therapeutic value. Kefiran exhibits significant properties that have inspired the scientists to unravel the secrets of it. Factors like medium, incubation condition, nitrogen source and so on will affect the production of kefiran. Kefiran has prebiotic nature stimulating the growth of probiotics in the gastro-intestinal tract of human beings. It extends certain therapeutic benefits major being, balancing of the microbiota in intestine, Treating Lactose Intolerance, Anticholesterolemic property, Anti-carcinogenic property.


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