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RESEARCH PAPER
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1-9

Trends of nutrition status among children below five years and nutrition intervention in Marsabit County, Kenya


Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), Main Campus, Juja, P.O. Box 62000, City Square 00200, Nairobi, Kenya

Correspondence Address:
Buke G Dabasso
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), Main Campus, Juja, P.O. Box 62000, City Square 00200, Nairobi
Kenya
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Child under nutrition continues to be a problem in Kenya despite effort by both government and non-government agencies to tackle the problem. The objective of this study was to determine the trends of malnutrition in Marsabit County and nutrition interventions among children below five years. In this paper malnutrition prevalence was examined by analyzing the Kenya Demographic Health Survey (KDHS) data set of 2003 and 2009 and by using reports of KDHS 1998 and 2014. Data from Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) by UNICEF (2008) was used for Marsabit nutritional outcome. Systematic review of literature was done by searching for relevant articles through PubMed. Embase, OvdSP and other relevant sites. While the national nutritional status is on decreasing trend from KDHS 1998 to KDHS 2014, Marsabit county nutritional status is still high. The food crisis intervention data shows persistent drought and conflict as the cause of food shortage and crisis. The findings underscore the need to understand the multiple social and political dimensions of food insecurity, such as poverty and recurrent drought in arid areas. The increased rate of underweight and wasting from 2003 to 2014 shows that food security interventions have not been effective in addressing malnutrition among children in Marsabit County.


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